Plants by Scientific Name

Plants by Common Name


A herbarium is a collection of dried plants.  It is not necessarily a fancy display; it is a plant library, a resource, a storehouse, and a vital tool that provides information to scientists, educators, naturalists, and the public.  The information extracted from a herbarium may be related to taxonomy, anatomy, paleo-biology, biodiversity, ecology, morphology, agriculture, economics, populations, function and evolution of genes, or perhaps other things.

In 1743 Thomas Jefferson and John Bartrom established the first botanical garden in the New World. (John Bartrom is considered to be America's first great naturalist).  The Academy of Natural Sciences was established in 1812 and currently houses a herbarium of one and a half million dried plant specimens.  It houses over 250 of Lewis and Clarks collection of specimens as well as their journals, documenting the location, time of collection, and description of the plants.   A herbarium literally allows us to travel back in time and identify the geography, food sources, and animals of a period of history.  There are currently 3,240 herbaria worldwide, with 628 herbaria existing in the United States, housing over 60 million specimens.

The East Texas Master Naturalist Chapter has a group of members who are committed to collecting, preserving and identifying plants from the Nature Center and Smith County to insure that present and future generations will be able to have a viable teaching, learning and research source available.  This group is also developing a database that will be available on the Internet.  This is an ongoing project and all who have any interest in this area are welcome to join.  Please contact Gloria Rognlie ( for further information.  In the subject line please indicate “TMN Herbarium”.


Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood

Plantago aristata Buckthorn Plantain